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With time, the usage of fertilizers, antibiotics and pesticides has increased greatly throughout the world, mainly in Australian agricultural systems. These chemicals not only have the environmental effects on the land, but also is greatly unfavourable to the wildlife as well. For the environment, the soil gets highly contaminated and gets accumulated with a large number of toxic minerals. The soil starts leaching off and slowly get away through spray drifting. The air and water surrounding or flowing through this soil, also gets contaminated. The water contamination later puts the lives of fishes and aquatic plants and animals in danger. Some of the main chemicals that accumulate in the soil toxins are: Fluorine, Arsenic, Mercury, Cadmium and Lead. Moreover, these agricultural chemicals, also indirectly effects the lives of humans as well, either to the working farmers or the contaminated water in takers.
To support in complete eradication of the above stated concern, three different practices can be implemented, i.e. Environmental fate testing, Toxicity trails and Extensive field trials.
Environmental fate testing: It is an evaluation of the reactivity of a substance under different circumstantial environments. Mainly tests are done for the soil and water contact of the substance, but other environments are also used in evaluation. This testing supports in studying the impacts and hazards that a specific substance can cause in the long run. This may include the effect on aquatic life and fishes in the long run. Through these tests, we may identify the potential hazardous chemicals beforehand and can try to eliminate their use or monitor their use to save the environment.
Toxicity trails: These trail supports in the investigation of the range and extent of safety that a substance may imply for a specific dose. Other than the safety and reactiveness, these trails also give a broad overview on the compound’s metabolism, absorption, excretion and distribution in a body. These trails also support in acute, sub chronic and chronic effects the substances as well.
Extensive field trials: It is a basic comparison on a single field. A farmer divides the field in several portions and incorporate different substances on it. The study of different behaviours of the outcomes then later supports in the decision making, in favour to the environment.


Original text

With time, the usage of fertilizers, antibiotics and pesticides has increased greatly throughout the world, mainly in Australian agricultural systems. These chemicals not only have the environmental effects on the land, but also is greatly unfavourable to the wildlife as well. For the environment, the soil gets highly contaminated and gets accumulated with a large number of toxic minerals. The soil starts leaching off and slowly get away through spray drifting. The air and water surrounding or flowing through this soil, also gets contaminated. The water contamination later puts the lives of fishes and aquatic plants and animals in danger. Some of the main chemicals that accumulate in the soil toxins are: Fluorine, Arsenic, Mercury, Cadmium and Lead. Moreover, these agricultural chemicals, also indirectly effects the lives of humans as well, either to the working farmers or the contaminated water in takers.

To support in complete eradication of the above stated concern, three different practices can be implemented, i.e. Environmental fate testing, Toxicity trails and Extensive field trials.
Environmental fate testing: It is an evaluation of the reactivity of a substance under different circumstantial environments. Mainly tests are done for the soil and water contact of the substance, but other environments are also used in evaluation. This testing supports in studying the impacts and hazards that a specific substance can cause in the long run. This may include the effect on aquatic life and fishes in the long run. Through these tests, we may identify the potential hazardous chemicals beforehand and can try to eliminate their use or monitor their use to save the environment.
Toxicity trails: These trail supports in the investigation of the range and extent of safety that a substance may imply for a specific dose. Other than the safety and reactiveness, these trails also give a broad overview on the compound’s metabolism, absorption, excretion and distribution in a body. These trails also support in acute, sub chronic and chronic effects the substances as well.
Extensive field trials: It is a basic comparison on a single field. A farmer divides the field in several portions and incorporate different substances on it. The study of different behaviours of the outcomes then later supports in the decision making, in favour to the environment.

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