Lakhasly

Online English Summarizer tool, free and accurate!

Summarize result (50%)

Helping learners participate in their own language development and
shape their own path should indeed be the prime responsibility of
the classroom teacher.Moving beyond the
narrow confines of conversational adjustments such as compre-
hension checks, confirmation checks, and clarification requests,
the concept of negotiated interaction has to be extended to include
the propositional content as well as the procedural conduct of par-
ticipatory discourse.As we have seen, interaction as a textual
activity emphasizes formal concepts, interaction as an interper-
sonal activity emphasizes conversational signals, and interaction as
an ideational activity emphasizes propositional content.If our objective, as it should be, is to engage our learners in a
process of participation that puts a premium on their personal
knowledge gained from their lived experience, then we need to re-
define the concept of negotiated interaction.In the specific context of promoting
negotiated interaction, management of learning consists chiefly of
talk management and topic management.


Original text

Helping learners participate in their own language development and
shape their own path should indeed be the prime responsibility of
the classroom teacher. What can help the teacher in carrying out
such a responsibility is promotion of negotiated interaction. Based
on the above discussion, I would like to suggest that negotiated inter-
action is a matter of coming to grips with all three-
textual, inter-personal and ideational-aspects of classroom discourse (see also,
Kumaravadivelu, 1999b). As we have seen, interaction as a textual
activity emphasizes formal concepts, interaction as an interper-
sonal activity emphasizes conversational signals, and interaction as
an ideational activity emphasizes propositional content. Together,
these three dimensions provide opportunities for teachers to create a
conducive atmosphere in which learners can stretch their linguistic
repertoire, sharpen their conversational capacities, and share their
individual experiences.
If our objective, as it should be, is to engage our learners in a
process of participation that puts a premium on their personal
knowledge gained from their lived experience, then we need to re-
define the concept of negotiated interaction. Moving beyond the
narrow confines of conversational adjustments such as compre-
hension checks, confirmation checks, and clarification requests,
the concept of negotiated interaction has to be extended to include
the propositional content as well as the procedural conduct of par-
ticipatory discourse. In other words, it has to include the creation
of opportunities for the learners to share their own individual per-
spectives on issues that matter to them, and to share in a way that
makes sense to them.
In more practical terms, this means that teachers should seek
to promote negotiated interaction by yielding to the learners a
reasonable degree of control over what Allwright (1981) has called
the management of learning. In the specific context of promoting
negotiated interaction, management of learning consists chiefly of
talk management and topic management. The former may be said
to refer to the management of how participants talk, and the latter to the management of what they talk about .

Summarize English and Arabic text online

Summarize text automatically

Summarize English and Arabic text using the statistical algorithm and sorting sentences based on its importance

Download Summary

You can download the summary result with one of any available formats such as PDF,DOCX and TXT

Permanent URL

ٌYou can share the summary link easily, we keep the summary on the website for future reference,except for private summaries.

Other Features

We are working on adding new features to make summarization more easy and accurate


Latest summaries

Peter Pan is a ...

Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. A free-...

و إن العنف الرم...

و إن العنف الرمزي قضية محورية في أعمال بورديو. ففي معرض تعريفه بالدولة، يعطي العنف الرمزي معنى الضغ...

تاريخ البحرية ا...

تاريخ البحرية الجزائرية [1] تاريخ بحري كبير حافل، يرجع إلى عام 1518 حيث بدء بعد زيادة عمليات الغزو ا...

يعتمد معضم سكان...

يعتمد معضم سكان المناطق البيمدارية على الزراعة المعيشة كزراعة الضريم و التي تقوم على حرق اشجار الغاب...

Préparation des...

Préparation des bouteilles Modifier Les bouteilles peuvent être lavées puis égouttées voire séchées....

Income: Increas...

Income: Increases in economic benefits during the accounting period in the form of inflows or enhanc...

أ‌) سن المهد- ا...

أ‌) سن المهد- الانسحاب، والنشاط. ح‌) سن المراهقة المتأخرة- قلة الشهرة، عدم الرغبة في الانضمام الى اش...

يتميز دور الجزا...

يتميز دور الجزائر في منظمة أوبيك بالفعالية والريادة فيما يتعلق بتسيير المراحل الصعبة التي مرت وتمر ...

وهكـذا عرفـت ً ...

وهكـذا عرفـت ً شـيئا ذا ّ أهمية بالغـة. وهـو أن كوكبـه الأصلي بالـكاد أكبر مـن منزل, ولم أكـن لأعجب ...

Testing might s...

Testing might show the student's ability to memorize facts and figures, instead of a true understand...

صومعة حسان من م...

صومعة حسان من مباني الثاريخية المتميزة بالعاصمة المغربية الرباط والتي شيدت في عمر الدولة الموحدين تم...

إنَّ رمضان عند ...

إنَّ رمضان عند المسلمين المخْلِصين شهر الجِدِّ والعمل، وحالوا بينه وبين النَّاس. • ففي رمضان تمَّ ال...