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The Seebeck Effect is named for East Prussian scientist Thomas Johann Seebeck (1770-1831). In 1821, Seebeck discovered that a circuit made of two dissimilar metals conducts electricity if the two places where the metals connect are held at different temperatures. Seebeck placed a compass near the circuit he built and noticed that the needle deflected. He discovered that the deflection’s magnitude increased proportionally as the temperature difference increased. His experiments also noted that the temperature distribution along the metal conductors did not affect the compass. However, changing the types of metals he used did change the magnitude that the needle deflected.
The Seebeck Coefficient is a number describing the voltage produced between two points on a conductor, where a uniform temperature difference of 1 degree Kelvin exists between the points. The metals in Seebeck’s experiments were reacting to the temperatures, creating a current loop in the circuit and a magnetic field. Unaware of an electric current at the time, Seebeck erroneously assumed this was a thermomagnetic effect.


Original text

The Seebeck Effect is named for East Prussian scientist Thomas Johann Seebeck (1770-1831). In 1821, Seebeck discovered that a circuit made of two dissimilar metals conducts electricity if the two places where the metals connect are held at different temperatures. Seebeck placed a compass near the circuit he built and noticed that the needle deflected. He discovered that the deflection’s magnitude increased proportionally as the temperature difference increased. His experiments also noted that the temperature distribution along the metal conductors did not affect the compass. However, changing the types of metals he used did change the magnitude that the needle deflected.
The Seebeck Coefficient is a number describing the voltage produced between two points on a conductor, where a uniform temperature difference of 1 degree Kelvin exists between the points. The metals in Seebeck’s experiments were reacting to the temperatures, creating a current loop in the circuit and a magnetic field. Unaware of an electric current at the time, Seebeck erroneously assumed this was a thermomagnetic effect.

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